Modern eating habits of
About 70% of calories received by a modern urban inhabitant come from simple carbohydrates, processed cereals and refined vegetable oils( 1).It is from these nutrients that bread and pasta, baked goods, sweet drinks and semi-finished products are composed.
The diet that seems so familiar to us almost entirely consists of products created by food technologists in the last hundred years. Increasingly, specialists come to the conclusion that this is the reason for the collection of excess weight and deterioration of health.
Fast food products
Food sugar, used now everywhere, a hundred years ago was considered a delicacy and was available only to the rich. The fast technology of obtaining cheese from milk fat exists for 50 years - before this cheese was expensive and no one would have thought of making pizza from it.
The first household refrigerators appeared in the USA in the 1930s, and microwave ovens - in the 1960s. Hundreds of generations of people before that time could not even dream of storing food for months at a time, and then cook it( in fact, unfrozen) in just a few minutes.
Cave man's diet
Paleodieta is the minimization in the diet of modern food products obtained industrially, and the transition to traditional food. The name of the diet refers to the Paleolithic period, lasting 2.5 million years and ending 15 thousand years ago( 2).
The "caveman" diet allows fish, poultry and meat( preferably herb fattening) to be consumed, eggs, vegetables, fruits, mushrooms and nuts. Grain, flour and flour products, legumes, sugar, milk, dairy products and processed vegetable oils are excluded.
Advantages of the
diet Scientists involved in paleodieta research believe that the rejection of dairy products, cereals and sugar is very beneficial to health( 1).First, many do not tolerate lactose, and secondly, people are increasingly becoming sensitive to gluten.
In addition, recent scientific studies confidently link sugar consumption not only with the development of obesity, but also with an increased risk of cancer( especially esophageal cancer), type II diabetes and even Alzheimer's disease( 3).
The main rules for the pallet diets
Unlike many other diets, the paliodite does not impose serious restrictions on the amount of food consumed, nor on the methods of its preparation. Admissible meat, fish and vegetables in the diet can be cooked, stewed or fried - it does not matter.
The use of organic and bio-products, animal herb fattening, complete rejection of potatoes, rice and other fruits of modern agriculture, although recommended by some researchers of the Paleolithic diet, is not strictly regulated. According to archaeological research, the cave man's diet consisted mainly of animal products - more than 60-70% of calories came from meat and fat, and carbohydrates accounted for no more than 20-40%.In fact, the paliodite is low-carbohydrate( 2).
It is important to note that the consumption of vegetables in traditional food was clearly tied to the seasons and to the geography of residence. Most sweet fruits were available only in tropical regions, and residents of the territories of Europe and Eurasia did not know them.
Should I follow this diet?
Despite the fact that the exclusion of flour and dairy products, "industrial" food and sugar in all its manifestations at first glance seems impossible to implement, in reality it is not so. In fact, caring for the figure people already avoid these products.
You will not find a single nutritionist who would argue that sugar, gluten and convenience foods are good for human health. In addition, more and more often there are opinions that it is the modern food that is the true cause of many diseases.
Consumption of a large amount of atypical food for a person can cause not only food allergies( lactose intolerance, gluten and so on), but many diseases. Paleodieta implies a return to traditional diet.
- Origins and evolution of the Western diet, source
- Paleolithic diet, source
- High-sugar diets, type 2 diabetes and Alzheimer's disease, source